WatchDog 550 Quick Start Guide
Table of Contents
While you’re waiting for your new dehumidifier to arrive, here are a few topics to keep in mind.
How to Prepare Your Crawl Space for Installation
If you decide to install your dehumidifier in a crawl space, there are a few steps you need to take prior to installation.
1. First, you will need clean out any debris that may be cluttering up the crawl space. This will make sure that there are no hidden problems such as cracks in the foundation. It will also ensure that the vapor barrier can be installed properly. In addition, cleaning out any unnecessary items will make it much easier to move around in the crawl space. Being able to move around more easily is useful for a hassle free installation, as well as for future maintenance that may need to be done.
2. After the crawl space is clear, you will need to inspect it for any potential issues so they can be fixed prior to installation. For instance, you may notice signs of pests or rodents in the crawl space. The crawl space could also show signs of structural issues, such as damaged floor joists or girders. Most importantly, you need to ensure that all signs of excess moisture are taken care of. This could be anything from puddles of water to leaking pipes.
If not taken care of prior to installation, these issues could prevent your dehumidifier from running effectively. Consequently, if you discover any problems be sure to either repair them yourself or call the necessary people to take care of them.
3. Once the issues have been repaired, it’s time to to seal the openings in the crawl space. If your crawl space is not sealed properly, your new dehumidifier will never be effective. Everything from the ceiling to foundation vents needs to be properly sealed. To quickly test if your crawl space is completely sealed, complete the following test. First, close the access door, then turn of all of the lights. Once that is done, check to make sure that no light is coming into the crawl space.
4. The final step in preparing your crawl space is to install the vapor barrier. A vapor barrier is a heavy duty plastic sheeting used to keep moisture out of the crawl space. Having a vapor barrier also makes it easier to move around in the crawl space. If you want a vapor barrier that works effectively, be sure to use polyethylene that is 6 to 10 mil. thick. It Furthermore, be sure to overlap the seams by at least 12 inches and seal all joints with adhesive during installation.
Tips for Dehumidifier Installation
To help make dehumidifier installation hassle free, here are a few tips to keep in mind.
1. As we discussed earlier, it’s important to prep your crawl space prior to installation. It’s much easier to fix the problems now rather than let them get worse. If you need a refresher, refer back to the crawl space prep section.
2. After the crawl space is prepared, it’s time to decide what area of the crawl space is best for the dehumidifier. You will need access to a 115V, 60Hz, 3-Prong GFI outlet with a 15 amp time delay fuse or circuit breaker. It’s helpful to place it somewhere easily accessible to make routine maintenance easier. Another important factor is set up for the drainage system. The 550 can’t sit directly on the ground until the unit is feeding directly into a sump pump next to it. Elevation is required for water to flow through the gravity drain.
3. Once you’ve located the perfect spot, you need to create a base for the dehumidifier. This could be anything from a level pad to blocks, as long as it’s a stable mounting location.
4. Now that you have the base set up, you can finally add the machine. Carefully bring in the dehumidifier and set it on top of the base. Make sure that the dehumidifier is level before proceeding.
5. After the dehumidifier is level, you need to direct the exhaust outlet into the desired location. Typically, you will want to choose the longest, unobstructed dimension in the crawl space.
6. At this point, you can set up the gravity drain. The drain line should be routed to a suitable drain on the outside. It must flow downward without any loops or dips. In most situations, transitioning from the drain line to PVC pipe is the best option. See the Recommended Gravity Drain Section for further details.
7. That’s it for installation, now you’re ready to plug in your machine and turn it on! Prior to leaving the crawl space, don’t forget to check the unit’s serial number so you can activate your dehumidifiers warranty.
Recommended Gravity Drain Option
The WatchDog 550 comes standard with 12” of drain line. If you need the drain line to be longer, it’s useful to transition to PVC pipe or you may have difficulty keeping the drain line unkinked.
• 3/4” OD PVC, long enough to reach your desired drainage spot
• 3/4” PVC elbow
• approx. 6” 3/4” OD PVC
1. First, insert the longer section of PVC into the elbow. (Note: Keep the length of PVC drain pipe to a minimum)
2. Next, insert the 6” section of PVC onto the other end of the elbow.
3. Finally, insert the open end of the drain line into the 6” section of PVC. Make sure the drain line will flow into the tubing, however, you don’t want it extending into the PVC elbow.
4. Support the PVC tubing as necessary, so that it can maintain a smooth, downward flow to the drain.
5. Prior to leaving the crawl space, verify that the gravity drain is working properly.
Back to Top
Turning the Unit On/Off
• To turn the dehumidifier on, press the power button. You will hear one beep as the machine starts to run. In addition, the light will illuminate red.
• Once running, the power light will illuminate red.
• To turn the unit off, press the power button again. You will hear a single beep as the machine begins to shut down process. Keep in mind that there is a one minute fan delay after shut down.
Adjusting the Settings
• To adjust the humidity level, use the up arrow and the down arrow buttons until the desired level is displayed on your screen. The dehumidifier can be set anywhere between 35%-90%. The typical set point is between 50% and 55% humidity.
• Creating a desired humidity set point means that when the indoor humidity is higher than the set level, the unit will operate.
• If you need your WatchDog to run constantly, you can use Continuous mode . To switch into Continuous mode, use the arrow keys to set the humidity below 36%. At this point, the Cont. Defrost light should illuminate green on the display board to indicate the unit has been successfully switched to Continuous mode. The display screen will show “CO”.
• Once in continuous mode, the dehumidifier will run constantly regardless of the level humidity level until you turn the unit off or switch back to normal humidistat operation. If you would like to change to humidistat operation, simply press the up and down arrows simultaneously.
• The compressor indicator will illuminate red on the display board to show that compressor operation has been initiated and the unit is currently warming up. Wait a few minutes and the compressor will begin to run. Once running, the compressor indicator will switch to green.Back to Top
Benefits of a Dehumidifier
Now that you’ve purchased a dehumidifier, you will be able to eliminate many of the problems that have been plaguing your home. Here are just a few benefits that you can look forward to:
Pleasant Air Quality
Although your dehumidifier will be located in the crawl space, it will affect the air quality in your entire home. See, the moisture in your crawl space mixes with the air and naturally rises upwards through a process called the “Stack Effect”. This means that all of the moist humid, air in the crawl space is spread throughout your entire home.
Adding a dehumidifier will help reduce humidity in the crawl space, thus affecting your entire home. Once you install your dehumidifier, you won’t have to deal with a muggy, uncomfortable living environment.
Not only is high humidity uncomfortable, but it can also be harmful to your health. Living in a humid home can lead to serious health issues, especially when mold and mildew develop. Furthermore, high humidity can exacerbate current medical issues, such as asthma or allergies.
A humid crawl space is the perfect environment for mold and mildew to spread. Mold spores spread through damp, moist areas so if you can eliminate the moisture, you can eliminate the mold. Using your new dehumidifier in the crawl space is the perfect way to remove moisture and maintain environment.
Excess moisture and humidity is also very enticing to pests and bugs since they need moisture to survive. So, for instance, if there are puddles on the ground or moisture in the sub-flooring, your home will attract all sorts of pests from termites to cockroaches. By installing your dehumidifier, you can dry out the environment and discourage them in the future.
Preserving your Home
Another big advantage of installing a crawl space dehumidifier is protecting your home from damage. Long period of high humidity plus the damage from mold and pests can be very damaging for your home. Everything from the foundation to walls can begin to show signs of wear and damage.Back to Top
Pints Per Day (PPD):
Pints Per Day is the volume (in pints) of moisture extracted from the air daily by your dehumidifier.
A vapor barrier is a thin layer of impermeable material, typically polyethylene sheeting, included in building construction to prevent moisture from damaging the foundation of the building. Vapor barriers are used in crawlspaces to prevent moisture in the ground from seeping back into the space once the dehumidifier has removed it.
A dehumidifier with a gravity drain uses gravity to move water through the drain line to an acceptable area for drainage out of the crawl space. In order for a gravity drain to work effectively, the drain tube must be set up properly on a downward slope with no kinks or twists.
A dehumidifier with a built-in condensate pump pumps the condensate (water) from the dehumidifier to an acceptable area for drainage outside of the crawl space. Condensate pumps turn on intermittently depending on the water level in the pump reservoir. As the water rises in the reservoir, it raises a float switch which energizes the pump. The pump will then run until the level of water in the reservoir is substantially lowered. It is important to note that a condensate pump is a mechanical device and will require yearly maintenance to ensure it is functioning properly.
Condensate Pump Lift:
Condensate Pump Lift describes how high the condensate pump is capable of moving water. For instance, the Watchdog 900c has a 15-foot condensate pump lift.
Set point is the desired value in a closed-loop feedback system. When using a dehumidifier, you choose humidity set point, which is the desired humidity level you wish to maintain in the area.
Stack Effect describes the the process of humid air entering your crawlspace and rising up throughout your home. As the warm air rises and escapes through your roof, it creates a vacuum. The warm air is then replaced with cool air. This is considered the natural airflow pattern of your home. As the air from the crawlspace is drawn up into your home it brings moisture and all of it’s harmful side effects with it.
Coils (Evaporator and Condenser):
The condenser coil condenses the refrigerant from its gaseous to its liquid state by cooling it. This then moves into the evaporator coil where the refrigerant evaporates as it absorbs heat from the indoor air passing over it. The evaporator coil is the one you can see on your dehumidifier that is cool and wet to the touch.
The inlet protects the evaporator coil from dirt and debris as the air is being pulled into the dehumidifier to be conditioned. All Seaira Global dehumidifiers have a filter that protects the coils. The Watchdog 900 and 900c come standard with a washable prefilter. The Watchdog 550 comes standard with a Merv8 filter, which is also available for the Watchdog 900 series. All Watchdog dehumidifiers can also be upgraded to HEPA filters or carbon filters.
Relative Humidity (RH) Sensor:
The RH sensor reads the relative humidity of the space within +/- 5% to determine when your dehumidifier needs to run.
Supply Duct Collar:
The black collar on the side of your unit is the supply duct collar. You can attach flexible 6” tubing to this collar and blow the warm conditioned air to any place you would like. For example, if you have an area of your crawlspace that tends to be damp and is cut off from the rest of your crawlspace by your HVAC system, you can attach the flexible duct and run it over to that closed off area to help dry it out.
The drain line is how the water is moved out of the unit and into the drain system. The Watchdog 550 and Watchdog 900 both have 12” of drain line for the water to flow from the drain tray to the system you or your installer has put in place to move the water out of your crawlspace. The Watchdog 900c has 20 feet of drain line to move the water away from the dehumidifier using the condensate pump.
MERV stands for Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value. A MERV rating varies from 1-16. The higher the value, the more efficient the filter will be in trapping airborne particles.
A MERV8 filter is capable of trapping airborne particles in the 3.0-10.0 pm size. The disposable filters have an extended surface area and are made with a thick cotton-polyester blend media.
HEPA filters are also also known as high-efficiency particulate air filter. To qualify as a HEPA filter, it must remove 99.97% of particles that have a size of 0.3 micrometers. The filters are composed of a mat of randomly arranged fibers that are typically composed of fiberglass. HEPA filters are commonly marketed in HVAC systems for people with allergies.
Carbon filters, also known as activated carbon filters, aid in odor removal. The activated carbon attracts and removes odor molecules by trapping the molecules in the pores of the activated carbon.
Hot Gas Bypass (HGB):
The main purpose of having HGB is to prevent condensate from freezing on the surface of the evaporator coil when the dehumidifier is operating at extremely low load conditions. The HGB diverts hot, high-pressure refrigerant vapor to the evaporator side of the system, which raises the suction temperature to prevent frost from forming.Back to Top
Watchdog 550 Parts Diagram
Back to Top
|Dehumidifier Will Not Power On||Power Supply||Make the unit is properly plugged in and that the outlet is functional|
|Low Air Flow||Room Temperature is outside of operational range (over 105°F= Display HI or below 33°F = Display LO)||Modify the room conditions so the temperature is within operational range (between 33°-105°F) and operation will commence.|
|Filter is Blocked||Clean the filter mesh (see maintenance section in manual for details)|
|Air Inlet or Outlet is Jammed||Clear the blockage from the inlet or outlet|
|Loud Noise||Dehumidifier is Not Level||Adjust the base and/or dehumidifier as necessary, to create a level surface|
|Filter Mesh is Jammed||Clean the filter mesh (see maintenance section in manual for details)|
|Error Code E:1||E:1 indicates humidity sensor issues||Verify sensor wire is connected at both ends.
If there are no visible issues, it may be a faulty sensor that needs to be replaced
|Error Code E:3||E:3 indicates the coil sensor has failed||Replace the coil sensor|
|Error Code HI or LO||Room Temperature is outside of operational range (over 105°F= Display HI or below 33°F = Display LO)||Modify the room conditions so the temperature is within operational range (between 33°-105°F) and operation will commence.|
Back to Top
Activating Your Warranty
Once you have your dehumidifier installed, it’s time to activate your warranty. All Seaira Global dehumidifiers include a 1 year warranty on all parts plus a 5 year warranty on the parts in the refrigeration circuit (for complete details, check you owner’s manual). In order to take activation of this service, please be sure to submit the warranty card in your owner’s manual.
Back to Top
For further assistance on the operating and maintaining your new dehumidifier, visit the Literature section for the WatchDog 550.
Back to Top